Geoffrey Hinton is a renowned computer scientist and artificial intelligence (AI) expert who has made significant contributions to the field of deep learning. He was born on December 6, 1947, in London, England, and currently holds dual citizenship in the United Kingdom and Canada.
Hinton earned his PhD in Artificial Intelligence from the University of Edinburgh in 1978 and went on to work at the University of Sussex, Carnegie Mellon University, and the University of Toronto. In the late 1990s, he co-founded the Vector Institute for Artificial Intelligence in Toronto and is currently a Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto and a Senior Research Fellow at Google.
Hinton’s research has focused on various aspects of artificial neural networks and deep learning, including developing backpropagation, a widely used algorithm for training neural networks. He has also contributed to the development of deep belief networks and convolutional neural networks, which have been used in a variety of applications, including image and speech recognition.
Hinton is a fellow of the Royal Society, a member of the Order of Canada, and a recipient of numerous awards, including the Turing Award, the highest honor in computer science, in 2018. He has also been recognized for his work on deep learning by the IEEE, the British Computer Society, and the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, among others.